Kuiper Airborne Observatory

Explanation: The Gerard P. Kuiper Airborne Observatory (KAO) was a national facility operated by NASA to support research in infrared astronomy. The observation platform was a highly modified Lockheed C-141A Starlifter jet transport aircraft (s/n: 6110, registration: N714NA, callsign: NASA 714) with a range of 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km), capable of conducting research operations up to 48,000 feet (14 km). The KAO made several major discoveries, including a definitive identification of an atmosphere on Pluto in 1988.

Pluto

Image credit: Wikipedia.